On these Fertile mountain plains fed by the springs and water wheels.
The Descendants of Abdul’s forebears would have spread out from their Abu Hureyra, original settlement. Where for 400 years ahead of the Cultivation of Crops they became based for their Hunter Gatherer society. Drought and Climate changes in the middle Euphrates. Forced the hunter-gatherers to start cultivating. These early agricultural enterprises are found by the evidence of fat cultivated Seeds Which are carbon radio dated to A 1000 year dry spell known as the Younger Dryas, a period of cooling interrupting the gradual Warming which had begun already at the end of the last Ice age this was 11,000 to 10,000 BC. Much of Northern Europe was still beneath retreating Glaciers. The Cereals from this era led to developments of the secrets of Agriculture and Metallurgy and invented the very first alphabet. Religions, Philosophies, the language of trade, systems of urban development, of diplomatic and cultural exchange; all these germinated in geographical Syria. And Lead to the Development of the Dough which Abdul´s Family had been custodians of since time in memorial. Out of those first sedentary Farming communities arose the Units of measurement and Value which remain familiar although not understood in context, in the commerce of the 21st century. Between 3000 and 2000 BC, we find the first written records of what Society had evolved to From that distant Steppe, now submerged beneath Lake Assad and In the form of Cuneiform Tablets we have the code of Al Hurrambi and the tablets of Ebla and Mari
The Patron St of Translators, St Jerome advised, ‘Non-Verbum e verbo, sed sensum exprimere de sens’ (The sense of the sense), with Latin, Irony? In which he meant, take from a text in one language the context of the writing in how culturally and socially it would have been meant and heard by the Writer and intended reader.
This advice was quite possibly borrowed by Jerome form
Cicero in De Oratore (“On the Orator”), when he said that in translating from Greek to Latin “I did not think I ought to count them out to the reader like coins, but to pay them by weight, as it were.”
And he is certainly not even coining the term “word-for-word,” but borrowing it from Cicero as well, or possibly from Horace, who warned the writer interested in retelling ancient tales in an original way “Nec verbo verbum curabit reddere / fidus interpretes“: “not to try to render them word for word [like some] faithful translator.”
Abdulla and Elijah had a common sense of meaning; they sensed in each other the bonds that the two had formed as boys. Also, they had inherited from generations before, a bond to each other, through the land. Theirs was a shared context, with their conventional traditions and memories predating even the Faiths they both now nominally carried and which were designed to bind them to separate groups, their bonds predated these religious categories, by 11,000 years. They Could never negate each other by such crude categorisation.
The Area from which they were hewn, was characterised by a rich mixture of Farming opportunity from the Cereals to the Buffalo, goats and the Dates. The surrounding areas had produced an abundance which in turn led to the foundation and growth of the great Ancient City of Aleppo, from where the two had just fled. There had been partings and disruptions before. Until the Written Cuneiform records were rediscovered in the latter part of the 19th Century and through to the present day, an oral tradition had carried the memories of their ancestors, the first farmers, even to the present day in Folk Songs, Poems and Dance and Artistic artefacts and body decoration. Each, preserving the legends of previous wars, invasions, injustices and Accountings for, and righting of, wrongs. Where they would stay for the night, Looking across the valley towards the sea across valleys towards Beirut across Lebanon. These place names and peoples, whose histories stemmed back to the period of the foundings of Ebla and Mari, between 3000 BC and 2000 BC and their subsumption into the Akkadian empire from Mesopotamia. The Akkadians were the source of the Semitic Languages which both spoke and Out of which grew those languages of the Phoenicians, Aramaic, Hebrew and Arabic. Where they looked down into the valley to Lebanon leading down into Israel, they Knew there were seven Species now known as the Seven Species of the Land of Israel (Shivat’at HaMinim) The Two Grains and Five Fruits, Wheat, Barley, Grape, Fig, Pomegranates, Olive and Date. Across the Landscapes where they now travelled it had become written in the Landscape and the concentrations of population, what the land would support regarding Population and the degree of sophistication and of Luxury which had resulted in the lives of the people there. Along the rivers lay Fertile stretches, on The Tigris and its tributaries and along the Euphrates. There, where river banks formed. Agriculture by Irrigation, generated bountiful harvests, between Parallel Chains of Hills Flatlands and Narrow Valleys and higher ranges from the Piedmont Plains along the Tigris to the Alpine Tops of the Zagros Mountains, Sufficient rainfall assured Annual Cereal Crops and also produced an abundance of fruit trees. In the plains between those two great rivers by the grace of weather and Natures whim again there are areas where Cereal Crops of varying yields are nurtured by farmers to produce crops of varying degrees. Large Tracts of Land between sewn fields and the barren desserts Offer Grazing Grounds for flocks of sheep and goats even for some cattle. Date Palm Plantations and horticulture utilising the Inundations similar to those famous on the Nile are also harnessed. Gardens for Vegetables and summer crops sustained by man-made irrigation Such as the water wheels Our Two Fugitives could hear stoically turning their watery Nourishment which mixed with sun and soil as generations for millennia before had turned into food and wealth.
Around Areas of bounded kinship and cultural traditions formed natural and human topographies of localised and regionalised, polities. Societies. Civilisations and Cultures, emerging from the potentials of the Combinations of Natures Gifts, harnessed by humankind. What the soils, rains, sunshine, Winds and industry of farmers could coax from the land determined the development of Livelihoods and community focal points from where structures of Family, community, society, Hierarchy and Faith developed. This is the Grain of truth , From where Abdul and Elijah came, what made them and from which all are made. All wealth flowed from these agricultural Species, those five. All this stemmed from Abdul and Elijah’s Ancestors in Abu-Hureyra 11,000 years ago.
Abdul shouted into the Valley, Brothers I will return to retrace our forbears
journey of truth and peace.