Looking at Serfdom there is a link to the excellent Wikipedia article to Brad De Longs Blog, he is I see from Wikipedia reckoned to be the 754th most influential economist in the World, He is a Professor at Berkely, where no less than two of my Former Business Partners are also Tenured Professors, also in The Economics Priesthood.
According to Wikipedia, he is a self-proclaimed Neo Liberal?
( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/J._Bradford_DeLong ) , served under Clintons Economics chief Summers and whilst he seems a thoroughly nice and well meaning chap he has no Clue, certainly no wish to draw any attention to having any clue as to Money Creation, more precisely endogenous money creation. He recommends this following article as a must read. I have to say it is dire and I have also commented as such in a Reddit discussion put up on the article here.
This article is also on Brad De Longs Blog. I have to say it is completely illiterate of Money Creation and as such commits the Error of all the Main Stream Economist, in short, its best quality is in demonstrating how the blind are leading the Blind:
I Made these interactive Quizzes based upon the Positive Money Quiz By David Faraday https://www.quiz-maker.com/QYMG3AR and the money creation Survey of MPÂ´s
https://www.quiz-maker.com/Q4FBT85 The degree of ignorance paraded constantly since the General Election and during by Both Tory and Labour MPÂ´s is staggering.
What are we to do with the Wilful ignorance of the political, Media and Economics So called Elites.
The Question of Money and how it is most definitely not neutral is the subject on my New Novel, The Conquest of Dough.
For Bradford De Long this from his Blog in 2003 is a re-deeming Jem if he would Take Leitaers Advice and look at the money question, one which Krugman warned the great Currency expert about See Video.
May 10, 2003
Serfdom is the status of many peasants under feudalism, specifically relating to manorialism. It was a condition of bondage, which developed primarily during the High Middle Ages in Europe and lasted in some countries until the mid-19th century.
Serfs who occupied a plot of land were required to work for the lord of the manor who owned that land. In return they were entitled to protection, justice, and the right to cultivate certain fields within the manor to maintain their own subsistence. Serfs were often required not only to work on the lord's fields, but also in his mines and forests and to labor to maintain roads. The manor formed the basic unit of feudal society, and the lord of the manor and the villeins, and to a certain extent serfs, were bound legally: by taxation in the case of the former, and economically and socially in the latter.
The decline of serfdom in Western Europe has sometimes been attributed to the widespread plague epidemic of the Black Death, which reached Europe in 1347 and caused massive fatalities, disrupting society. The decline had begun before that date. Serfdom became increasingly rare in most of Western Europe after the Renaissance. But, conversely it grew stronger in Central and Eastern Europe, where it had previously been less common (this phenomenon was known as "later serfdom").
In Eastern Europe the institution persisted until the mid-19th century. In the Austrian Empire serfdom was abolished by the 1781 Serfdom Patent; corvÃ©e continued to exist until 1848. Serfdom was abolished in Russia in the 1860s. In Finland, Norway and Sweden, feudalism was never fully established, and serfdom did not exist; however, serfdom-like institutions did exist in both Denmark (the stavnsbÃ¥nd, from 1733 to 1788) and its vassal Iceland (the more restrictive vistarband, from 1490 until 1894).
According to Joseph R. Strayer, the concept of feudalism can also be applied to the societies of ancient Persia, ancient Mesopotamia, Egypt (Sixth to Twelfth dynasty), Muslim India, China (Zhou dynasty and end of Han dynasty) and Japan during the Shogunate. James Lee and Cameron Campbell describe the Chinese Qing dynasty (1644â1912) as also maintaining a form of serfdom.
Melvyn Goldstein described Tibet as having had serfdom until 1959, but whether or not the Tibetan form of peasant tenancy that qualified as serfdom was widespread is contested by other scholars. Bhutan is described by Tashi Wangchuk, a Bhutanese civil servant, as having officially abolished serfdom by 1959, but he believes that less than or about 10% of poor peasants were in copyhold situations.
The United Nations 1956 Supplementary Convention on the Abolition of Slavery also prohibits serfdom as a form of slavery.
I noticed that my Comment pointing out the same Mallady, ( Blind Leading Blind) was published after moderation here,
The secret history of the banking crisishttps://www.yanisvaroufakis.eu/2017/07/02/adults-in-the-room-reviewed-by-adam-tooze-columbia-university/
Meanwhile, Chapter 5 of Conquest of Dough still remains a turtles head in my literary trousers, mere skid marks to show for the past weeks reading